Amietia dracomontana (Channing, 1978)
Original Published Description:
Drakensberg Frog (English), Sani Pass Frog (English), Drakensberg River Frog (English)
A. dracomontana is endemic to the highlands of southern and eastern Lesotho (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).
Habitat and Ecology
Walton (1984) reported that A. dracomontana is found in montane grassland at altitudes above 2000 m in areas that usually experience snow in winter and where annual rainfall is >700 mm (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).
Amietia dracomontana tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (chytrid fungus that causes the disease chytridiomycosis) in Meiringskloof, Free State, South Africa in 2004 (Weldon, 2005). This species also tested positive for the fungus near the Katis Dam, Lesotho in 2004 (Weldon, 2005).
Food items consist mostly of Hemiptera, Coleoptera and Orthoptera. Predators are unknown, although at lower altitudes otters are important predators of river frogs (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).
Breeding takes place in shallow streams and along the edges of rivers with well-vegetated banks. These habitats are typically rocky with rounded basaltic stones forming the riverbed. The species uses the same habitat throughout the year, including the breeding season. Breeding takes place in summer from October to February (Channing 1978, 1979). Males call at or near the water’s edge (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).
IUCN Red List Category and Justification of Conservation Status
A. dracomontana is not threatened (Text from Minter et al., 2004, © SI/MAB Biodiversity Program).
- Rana dracomontana Channing, 1978 (synonym)
- Rana (Rana) dracomontana — Dubois, 1987 "1986" (synonym)
- Rana (Afrana) dracomontana — Dubois, 1992 (synonym)
- Afrana dracomontana — Visser and Channing, 1997 (synonym)
- Amietia dracomontana — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006 (synonym)