Afrixalus stuhlmanni

Afrixalus stuhlmanni (Pfeffer, 1893)

Original Published Description:

Pfeffer, G. (1893).  Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten. 10, 69-105.
 

Common Names

Lesser Banana Frog (English), Stuhlmann's Banana Frog (English), Stuhlmann's Spiny Reed Frog (English), Kenya Banana Frog (English), Northern Spiny Reed Frog (English), Forest Banana Frog (English), Forest Spiny Reed Frog (English), Short-legged Spiny Reed Frog (English), Golden Leaf-folding Frog (English), Golden Spiny Reed Frog (English), Short-legged Banana Frog (English), Short-limbed Banana Frog (English), Lesser Banana Frog (English), Malawi Banana Frog (English), Cat's Eye Reed Frog (English)

Languages: English

Overview

Taxonomic Notes

There is considerable taxonomic confusion regarding this species. Afrixalus brachycnemis, A. pygmaeus, and A. sylvaticus are considered synonomies of A. stuhlmanni by Pickersgill (2005; Text from Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Description

Diagnostic Description

A very small frog with short legs and protruding eyes. The dorsum is light with brown sides and darker bands or stripes. Small light dots are present on the brown patches and small brown dots occur on the light patches. Toes and fingers have a small amount of webbing at the base. Toe and finger tips end in distinct disks (Text from Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Size

Male snout-vent lengths range in size from 15 – 21 mm and females from 17 – 27 mm (Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Comparisons

This species is similar to A. uluguruensis, but it lacks dorsal spines (Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in grassland, savanna, and coastal forests at elevations from 0 – 1200 m (Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Life History

Reproduction

Eggs are laid on blades of grass (Text from Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Advertisement Call

The call is a series of clicks (Text from Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Taxonomy

  • Megalixalus stuhlmanni Pfeffer, 1893 (synonym)
  • Megalixalus brachycnemis Boulenger, 1896 (synonym)
  • Hyperolius unicolor Ahl, 1931 (synonym)
  • Hyperolius pygmaeus Ahl, 1931 (synonym)
  • Megalixalus (Afrixalus) brachycnemis — Laurent, 1944 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus brachycnemis — Guibé, 1948 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus brachycnemis brachycnemis — Guibé, 1948 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus pygmaeus — Laurent, 1961 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus pygmaeus septentrionalis Schiøtz, 1974 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus sylvaticus Schiøtz, 1974 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus stuhlmanni — Laurent In Frost, 1985 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus septentrionalis septentrionalis — Dubois, 1986 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus stuhlmanni stuhlmanni — Pickersgill, 2005 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus stuhlmanni sylvaticus — Pickersgill, 2005 (synonym)
  • Afrixalus stuhlmanni brachycnemis — Pickersgill, 2005 (synonym)

References

Channing, A., & Howell K. (2006).  Amphibians of East Africa. Comstock books in herpetology. 418 p., [24] p. of plates. Ithaca: Comstock Pub. Associates/Cornell University Press.
Harper, E. B., Measey G. J., Patrick D. A., Menegon M., & Vonesh J. R. (2010).  Field Guide to Amphibians of the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Tanzania and Kenya. 320. Nairobi, Kenya: Camerapix Publishers International.
 
Loveridge, A. (1951).  On reptiles and amphibians from Tanganyika Territory collected by C.J.P. Ionides. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 106(4), 177-204.
Pfeffer, G. (1893).  Ostafrikanische Reptilien und Amphibien, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. F. Stuhlmann im Jahre 1888 und 1889. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten. 10, 69-105.
 
Poynton, J. C. (1991).  Amphibians of southeastern Tanzania, with special reference to Stephopaedes and Mertensophryne (Bufonidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 152(8), 451-473.
 
Stewart, M. M. (1967).  Amphibians of Malawi. Albany: State University of New York Press.
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