Brevicipitidae

Brevicipitidae Bonaparte, 1850

Languages: English

Overview

Summary

Four genera are found in the Eastern Arc, including Breviceps, Probreviceps, Callulina, and Spelaeophryne. The latter two are endemic to the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. All have small narrow heads and short hind limbs. Males are typically much smaller than females and some species rely on a sticky substance produced by skin glands to glue themselves to females during mating. Females lay eggs in underground cavities and the eggs hatch directly into small frogs without a frees wimming tadpole phase (Text from Harper et al., 2010).

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Distribution

The family Brevicipitidae occurs only in eastern and southern sub-Saharan Africa.

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

Taxonomic Notes

They were previously considered to be in the family Microhylidae, but genetic analyses suggest that they share a common ancestor and are more closely related to Hyperoliidae, Hemisotidae and Arthroleptidae.

Author(s): Zimkus, Breda
Rights holder(s): Zimkus, Breda

References

Loader, S. P., Gower D. J., Howell K. M., Doggart N., Rödel M-O., Clarke B. T., et al. (2004).  Phylogenetic relationships of African microhylid frogs inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes. Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 4, 227-235. Abstract